Born in Sydney, Ian Pfennigwerth joined the Royal Australian Navy in 1958 and spent 34 years as a seaman officer and communications specialist in ships and shore staffs in Australia and overseas. He helped design the Australian Defence Force Academy, served as director of naval intelligence, learned Mandarin Chinese, and was Australia’s defence attaché in Beijing from 1989 to 1991. After leaving the navy, Ian formed an international business consultancy, and ‘retired’ to Port Stephens in 2000. He received his PhD from the University of Newcastle in 2005 and has since published 11 books on Australia’s naval history. The most recent book, Bravo Zulu: Honours and Awards to Australian Naval People Volume 1, 1900-1974, was released in September 2016 and the second volume is due in mid 2017. Ian has also contributed chapters to several anthologies and articles to a variety of journals and magazines. His research experience includes accessing official, unofficial and personal military-related accounts in the USA, Canada, the UK, Japan and Australia.